The Book of Obadiah






Background of Obadiah
Time: After 586 BCE (how long after is unknown)
Place: In exile
Kings: Postmonarchic




Political Backdrop:
·       Edom – Esau’s descendants – has a tense relationship with Israel

·       2 Kings 25: Israel invaded and conquered by Babylon. Edom is not mentioned.
o   Poetry in Jeremiah 49, Lamentations 4:17; 21-22 and Psalm 137 imply that the Edomites were looked to for help, and instead betrayed the Israelites.


Primary Themes of Amos:


·       Edom is ‘high’ – physically, and in their self-esteem (or pride). They will be brought low.

·       Acting like Edom will cause all nations to fall.

·       Edom = Adam?





Structure of Obadiah


Content
Verses
Section 1: Accusations Against Edom

1-7
Edom relies on height in terrain (which is arrogance)
Edom relies on unfaithful alliances
1-7 parallel to Jeremiah 49:7-22
1-3

4-7
Destruction is coming for Edom
8-15


Section 2: The Day of the Lord
15-21
Against all the nations – not just Edom
15-16
Divine promise for Israel – happy ending (sort of)
17-21


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